The traditional outlook on gender and the home front changed drastically during World War II. More women were being introduced into the labor force and even onto the battlefield in order to create gender diversity. “The United States Army established the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) in 1942, later converted to the Women’s Army Corps (WAC) in 1943” (1). This organization was an official part of the army and one step up for women in war. These women were the first to actually take part in the war effort that weren’t nurses (2). This gave women the ability to serve in the army as higher figures such as captains and lieutenants, but could never command a man. SO although women were finally given the right to hold power, there were still some restrictions held against them due to the power of the man. Although there were thousands of women willing to contribute to the war effort that served in multiple countries, they were kept far from combat. Many of these women took part in a large variety of important jobs necessary to maintain a fully functioning army such as communication, medicine, supply, and even administration (1).

Nurses also played a huge part in World War II. Aside from WAC, there was The Army Nurse Corps, which held over 50,000 female nurses to aid injured and ill American soldiers. As the war progressed, “The tremendous manpower needs faced by the United States during World War II created numerous new social and economic opportunities for American women” (3). They held the most popular and vital job in the system, because without them thousands of men would die due to wound and infection. As the nurses became more demanded, it became labeled as a profession, and the government decided to provide free education to those interested in becoming a nurse.

Overall, women made a huge come up during World War II, they gained power in the war effort, and most of the military became highly dependent on female nurses. Nurses received 1,619 medals, citations, and commendations during the war, reflecting the courage and dedication of all who served (3). Women gained a new respect in the end, and gained an important social role in wars from then on.

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1.) https://www.boundless.com/u-s-history/textbooks/boundless-u-s-history-textbook/from-isolation-to-world-war-ii-1930-1943-26/social-effects-of-the-war-206/changing-roles-for-women-1129-8132/

2.) http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/WAC/WAC.HTM

3.) http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/72-14/72-14.HTM

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