World War ll (1939-1945) was by far the most widespread war in history. The concept of total war was closer to its ideal type in this era, for there was brutal war in many parts around the globe, and the home front was now more involved than ever. Several campaigns and advertisements were released, urging the masses to get involved in the war effort. More specifically women were beginning to a larger role in society as the U.S needed more help in factory’s and jobs because of the lack of men. Also total war called for many more army enlistments and a larger army to partake in this massive global conflict. Thus, women’s roles in society where growing as they were now fully participating in the war and in the factories and community.
Women where now filling many traditional male jobs, as the men went off to mobilize in the massive armies, thus the female workforce increased from 27 to 37 percent. Now the women where helping expand the industrial output and they where greatly helping the overall U.S war effort. 1 out of every 4 women was now currently working outside the home. Not only that, but 350,000 also served in the armed forces. This was something that could have never been fathomed beforehand, but the concept of total war, and complete mobilization was pushing forth these societal changes. Also, in the community, women played an immense role in the community. In doing many things like raising money for war bonds, collecting blood, recycling materials, and dealing with the normal pains of being mothers, women where extremely involved and vital in World War 2.
All of these societal changes, can be easily directed towards the eventual rise of total war. As technologies improved and countries grew, the nearing to the total war ideal type was inevitable. In turn, it caused the significant societal change of a near gender equality in the work place as women took men’s jobs and enlisted in large numbers to serve the country.