Gray, Laura

Vladimir Lenin of the Bolshevic Party

Vladimir Lenin of the Bolshevic Party

The Russian Revolution of 1917 was caused by Russia’s inability to keep up with the changing, advancing world around it, and the people’s discontent with this.

Russia, since 1854, was continually involved in wars, and more often than not ended up losing them, which hurt both their pride and economic well-being. The people, especially the pesants, were discontent with their country. This was not only due to the lacking efficiency of their military, but also due to the crumbling government, as well as the period of famine sweeping the land due to the majorly increased number of people(3). The government at the time attempted to fix the issues, but could not do much more than pass a few laws as the war took up most of their time. As all this occurred, Russia was in the middle of World War I, losing badly. It effected both the people and the economy so negatively that even the Tsar at the time had to step down due to the numerous complaints(1).  Russia wasn’t able to sustain itself because it was not becoming industrialized, and with this realization, the people began to revolt. It began with women protesting on International Women’s Day, demanding better conditions and pay, but it soon became entire cities, crowds of people refusing to work.A provisional government was set up, but it was quickly overthrown by the Bolshevic Party(2). The new ruler of Russian was named Vladimir Lenin, a man who quickly began to industrialize the newly changed and now communist country(3).

The entire revolution was caused by the lack of Industrialization throughout Russia. There had been a sharp upturn in population, and the current way of producing food was not fast nor efficient enough to keep the population fed. The work was hard and horrible conditions existed everywhere. The government didn’t have the ability to keep up with the rapid production of guns and war machines as the industrialized countries around it did(2).  Citizens hated feeling so weak and nearly helpless to the situation that was befalling them. Obviously, this called for a change in the government. The Tsar initially ruling cared more about his family and himself than the people, and caused a lot of stress on the country when he stepped down (3). There was a scramble to make a provision country to rule the people, which also ended up failing, overthrown by the Bolshevic Party. Citizens were finally pleased with their rulers, people who actually listened and understood many of the issues. This was because the new power was made of up people who were previously members of the impoverished population (2). They were able to easily tell what the nation did and did not need for the time being, and they knew the country needed to industrialize. Upon doing so, they were met with pleased reactions from the population, although there were still some issues to iron out until 1920.