By Lucy Hao

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Chinese Propaganda for the Communist Party

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2012/mar/07/chinese-propaganda-posters-in-pictures

The Chinese Communist Revolution was the conclusion of the Chinese Civil War, a short but bloody war that would completely change China’s political, economic, and social structure. The main two sides of this war were the Chinese Nationalist Party, the current party in rule, and the Communist Party of China. Since its establishment in 1921, the Communist Part of China had been steadily gaining followers, but its resources were very limited compared to that of the Nationalists. There had always been conflicts between these two groups, but due to the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, the two parties joined forces in order to ward off Japan. However, due to Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor, the Sino-Japanese War became part of the larger conflict, World War II. So, the united forces of the Nationalist Party and the Communist Party joined the Allied Powers, having a few fights amongst themselves as well. After the surrender of the Japanese, the fragile bond between the two parties broke, and despite the US’s attempts to mediate a coalition government, the two parties soon became embroiled in war.

The Nationalist Party had many more resources, was better prepared for war, and had global support. The Communist Party, on the other hand, had established strong support in the north and northwest and had learnt to appeal to nationalism, rather than class struggle, to spread their message. However, due to the loss of important troops during the World War II conflict, the Nationalist party suffered, and the Communist Party gained complete control over North China, and soon all of China.

The result of the transfer of power from the Nationalist Party to the Communist Party was dramatic. On Oct. 1, 1949, Mao Zedong announced the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, and the Nationalists were exiled to Taiwan. The government of China became more isolated, restricting communication and access with foreign countries, especially the United States. The establishment of communism led to campaigns such as the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution. Ancient Chinese culture and history that had been precious before were abandoned and destroyed, and those who tried to maintain any form of the past were killed. Most importantly, the people of China suffered due to the new leadership. Food, shelter, and other basic necessities were not provided for, but the comrades of China whole-heartedly, blindly followed Mao. Despite their dire situations, the people of China believed that they were the best nation in the world. The Chinese Revolution transformed the political structure and future of China, but more importantly it changed the mindset of the people, convincing them to abandon their past and embrace communism.

Resources

https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/chinese-rev
http://acienciala.faculty.ku.edu/communistnationssince1917/ch9.html

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