The French revolution (1789-1799), was a massive upheaval that, in turn was extremely violent but caused great change and impact that can be noted in our current times. This shift caused the fall of monarchies and the rise of democracy. Before the French revolution one of the main driving forces was the opposition to the establishments of utmost power, such the monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church. More specifically there was a deep social change brought about by the French Revolution.
After the French revolution, a sense of anti-Christian dissent began to surface due to the success and toppling of the all-powerful monarchy. The revolutionists began to believe Christianity to be a source of intrinsic evil and thus built up hatred and resentment towards the religion. This opposition became reality in 1792, as it was announced to be new government policy after the “French first republic” was in place. Not only was there a democracy in place and a new political ideology, but many specific religious beliefs were changed along with the French revolution. The “cult of reason” was the name of this religious movement and instead of faith and devotion, it focused on truth and liberty. Many minds were now shifting towards more independent thought and were less focused on worshiping an idol. A new sense of reasoning was being established. More specifically, a new religion was established, a civic religion that focused on “an explicit religion of man”. As stated before, the revolutionary impact has left many with resentment towards the large and powerful Catholic establishment. Many demonstrations of such transition included defacing royal images, ransacking of churches, persecutions, and “wild masquerades”. All of which turned the previous ideological structure upside down. Hired by the Jacobins, military commander Joseph Fouché led a coercive campaign in order to remove crosses from graveyards and de-Christianize many aspects of the modern culture of the time. Many churches were replaced, and now were places to hold the new “Festivals of Reason” These came about in France around November 1793 and even took place in the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. This new deistic approach was a massive upheaval of ideology from before the revolution and this new “cult of reason” challenged many of the culture’s previous core beliefs. The social change brought about by these religious transitions caused many to change their way of thinking and thus a new spread of beliefs and convictions spewed through France. The French revolution was directly set off these events, and in turn, caused huge shifts in political (monarchy to democracy) and religious (Christianity to cult of reason) ideology.