american_revolution

Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York

By: Megan Petrick

A prime example of a revolution having a direct effect on a society’s government and political structure is the American Revolution. Prior to the Revolution the states relied on the Articles of Confederation as a form of government. The Articles gave the states great independent power, but left the country feeling divided and unconnected. Weaknesses in the Articles included that there was no strong central army. States were expected to have individual militias they left them weak in vulnerable. Each state was also given the power to levy its own currency, making trade extremely difficult. Trade with foreign nations was down by each individual state. The larger states had the advantage of representation giving them more power in the federal government. And lastly Congress was denied the ability to tax and regulate trade. The divided colonies of the United States had little national pride and overall leadership..
When British control proved to be too much, political upheaval took place between 1765 and 1783. The colonies desired to break free from the British monarchy and form the United States of America. Of course this change in political ideology could not come without a revolution first. Rebellion first took place after the Americans rejected Parliament authority to tax the colonies with representation. British authority tried to make an example of Massachusetts after the Boston Tea Party by placing the Coercive Acts on them, however this just added fire to the already burning fuel. The official fighting of the American Revolutionary War between the British and Patriots began in 1775 with the battles of Lexington and Concord. Early attacks by the British army showed how weak the individual states were on their own. Leadership from George Washington becoming the commander in chief of the condimental army severely aided the partnership between congress and state armies. In 1776 the colonies adopted the Declaration of Independence written mainly by Thomas Jefferson. This document stated that the United States would reject all compromises that would keep them under the British rule. What primarily gained the states freedom from British rule were the French allies. The new French-American army ending up capturing a second British army in Yorktown to effectively end the war and complete the separation from the British empire.
Following the peace treaty with Britain many men involved in the Revolution saw the importance of a strong national government and need for a change in political structure. This rebellion had proved that the prior political system of government was  insufficient for the great United States of America. In 1788 the U.S ratified the new Constitution, replacing the Articles of Confederation. This document established a strong federal government, an elected president and national courts. More importantly it featured a bicameral Congress that allowed for representation of both the states in the Senate and population in the House of Representatives. A country united under one powerful federal government would prove to effectively create a stronger militia, trade system and economy for the United States of America.

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