Zabbatino, Daniela

In the 1800s Britain began to take interest in India. Due to India’s raw materials and consumer base, it was a prime target for European colonialism. Originally India was operated by the East India Company, a British joint-stock company. It wasn’t until later on that Britain actually took direct control over India.   Throughout the time Britain ruled there were positives and negatives. The Indians did benefit from colonial rule though due to modernization. The addition of modern goods and transportation improved the quality of life. Education increases as well as Health care and protection also contributed to this. Negatively though, Indians were considered half citizens, and the British controlled the government and economy.  There were also many cultural conflicts, both internal as well as external. Historically there has always been a huge conflict between Muslims and Hindus, and tensions only increased when the British came as cultures clashed even more then they previously had.

Sepoys were Indian soldiers who fought for the British Army. The British required these soldiers to serve overseas which was strictly against their religion. Soldiers also had to bite the tips of their cartridges off before loading them into their rifles. Cartridges were greased with animal fats, mainly pig and cow, which conflicted with both the Hindu and Muslim religions. This, along with the fact that they passed laws allowing Hindus to remarry, lead to a discontent among the natives. The Sepoys lead a rebellion up against the British officers in Northern/mid India. The British crushed the revolt, however it left fear on both sides.

A lot of Ideological forces were used here. The discontent due to religious offenses is what drove the Sepoys to rebel in the first place. The Cultural differences between the three groups of people put strains on the system that was set up, leading to change. Technological forces were used when the British introduced new modes of transportation and healthcare. This caused positive social change for the people of India during colonization.