By: Rogge, Jodie

In 17th century England, the people were ready for a change. They no longer wanted to be ruled under a catholic king and instead were ready for a Protestant. The Tories united with the Whigs to overthrow King James. Together they invited Prince William of Orange and Mary, James’s daughter, to come to england and step up as the new Monarchs of England. William arrived with an army which intimated James’ army so much that they all abandoned him. This caused James II to flee to France with his family to avoid facing an army alone. Parliament decided that James’ absence was considered an abdication to the throne. To officially accept their roles as sovereigns, William III and Mary II had to agree to the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights stated several laws, including that parliament had political supremacy and that no King could be catholic nor marry a catholic. This was the end to the Glorious Revolution.

The Glorious Revolution and the Bill of Rights completely changed the social structure of 17th century England. This economic social change has lasted for hundreds of years. Before England was ruled solely by the King and he had ultimate power over everything. After the Bill of Rights was agreed to, England became a constitutional monarchy. This means that the king no longer had absolute power and that Parliament had power over the king. The king was now held to a set of laws that stated what he could and could not do. England’s entire government was completely altered after this event. Their whole way of ruling over the country was transformed in the span of one year. The Glorious Revolution began in 1688 and ended with the Bill of Rights in 1689. It was an abrupt change that caused a new economic social structure in England.