Picture source: https://bigcheesedad.files.wordpress.com/2014/08/hqdefault.jpg- ft. Isaac Newton
The Scientific Revolution started in Europe at the end of the Renaissance Era and continued through the late 18th century. It was a turn of the century Revolution that changed how individuals thought and what morals they began to value. With the Renaissance Era being characterized as a time full of superstitious, fear and religion, a new revolution shed a light on the importance of reason and fact. The Scientific Revolution is the foundation for what would eventually be known as the Enlightenment.
A central concept of the Scientific Revolution was rationalism. Four main men can be credited with building the basis for the scientific theory. Even today we can see that the modern experimental method incorporates Francis Bacon’s focus on use of controlled experiments and inductive reasoning. This reasoning uses a method of universal truth to describe a particular phenomena. Bacon argued that fact gathering and the scientific method were highly more significant than empiricism. It includes Descartes’ focus on hypothesis and the ideas that reason is an intrinsic human faculty. With an addition of Galileo’s idea of receiving different laws through discipline such as the following subjects: math, astronomy, chemistry, biology, and physics. And last but not least Isaac Newton’s method of laws and compositions that introduced us to the Laws of Motion and Universal Gravitation. It was the courage of these men to speak up and think outside the realms of the Bible that allowed our society to make advances in both the sciences and math.
Like many other revolutions that have occurred around the world, The Scientific Revolution had direct effects on societies across Europe. Many different types of social changes occurred due to this radical forms of thinking. The most obvious form would be ideology. People began to question their constrained knowledge of what they had been taught their entire lives’. This impacted how individuals felt about the Bible and ultimately created religious turmoil. New discoveries began to contradict teaching of the Bible. This changed how societies social structures ranked their leaders of importance. Many people whom once held their ultimate devout respect for priests and bishops now felt betrayal. A light was now being shed on the importance of famous philosophers and revolutionists such as Bacon, Descartes, Galileo and Newton.
Likewise, the Scientific Revolution also had an impact on societies’ economies. This specific revolution resulted in the creation of many new technologies that advanced a variety of cultures. The merchant class was able to buy and sell in much more efficient ways due to the production of standardized currency and receipt paper. With the ability to have easier trade, a new prospering wealth broke out among societies. As an addition outcome of this new wealth, an increase in tax revenue allowed for more government expenditures, overall increasing the quality of life for many Europeans of this time period.
The Scientific Revolution is thought of to even be the base for the Enlightenment Era which lead to an even greater extent of social change across the entire continent of Europe.